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A Conceptual Analysis of Migration in the Context of National Security in West Africa

Fayomi, Oluyemi Oyenike (2011) A Conceptual Analysis of Migration in the Context of National Security in West Africa. Bingham Journal of Social and Management Studies, 2 (1). pp. 314-322. ISSN 2141 - 9345

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M igration, which is a recurrent pattern in human history, is an important part of the agenda of ECOWAS with regard to the formal agreement on 'Free Movement of Persons, Rights of Residence and Establishment' within the West African region. The emphasis is placed on the incorporation of surrounding states within the framework of policies as developed at the level of ECOWAS. Migration is viewed as both a problem and strength for development in both the receiving and sending states. The migratory phenomena are still at the phase of exceptional expansion , that tend to generalize over the region ofWestAfrica that are divided into zones of immigration . The massive wave of migration especially from the Sahelian areas to the hub of economic activities in the urban centres and coastal areas can be attributed to the collapse of agriculture, perennial drought and famine, as well as civil wars and political crisis, which have led to the movements of millions of people from their homes to other countries. In some countries, it also coincided with the unexpected expansion of manufacturing sector activities, which have pulled majority of these migrants from within and outside. Politically, some migrants constitute a political force that threatens the national security of the receiving states. In this age of migration, the patterns of migration within this region shall be discussed under the reason people move and security implications oftheir movement in the nation- states of West Africa. The paper will outline the contemporary development of migration as a foreign policy issue among the member states ,and assess the implications of these developments for the ECOWAS's identity as an international actor.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Humanities
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2015 21:39
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2015 21:39

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