Daramola, Samuel Adedeji and Alagbe, O. A. and Umoren, Otu and Aduwo, B. E.
Violence and Housing Delivery in Nigeria.
In: XXII World Congress of Architecture, 3-7 July, 2005, Istanbul, Turkey.
Conflict and conflict resolution is an integral part of every society. The level of management of conflicts determines the degree of civilization. Conflicts if not well resolved, have grave tendency of breaking down the entire praxis of peacemaking at the urban level. The most disturbing effect of violence is the attack on buildings and the general state of housing after every violence. The constancy of violent attacks on housing has un-quantifiable implications on the housing supply and delivery in Nigeria. The gross inadequate housing needs as well as un-quantifiable level of urban degradation with its associated hazards have made the struggle for peace urgent. Under the African set-up, houses are sacred and no one is encouraged to dispose their houses. It is seen as a generational asset that must be passed from generations to generations.
This paper established that the volume of violence determine to a large extent, the volume of reduction in the housing supply. Several violence on buildings are recorded in Nigeria. This includes the Zaki-biam, Jos-Plateau state that destroyed the beautiful ultra-modern market edifice, the Ife-Modakeke crisis in Osun state, Kano and, Kaduna crisis, Odi village as well as the Delta region. Adopting the concept of housing needs and supply, the paper appraised the overall housing quality of Nigeria's physical environment, the processes of housing development and delivery and the housing density ratio. It appraised ways of ensuring the continual existence of the relics of our valued villages and cities amidst the intractable destruction of houses in the environment. It identified two major effects of violence on the housing market of the economy. The major focus of the study is in ensuring housing equilibrium in the process of reconstructing these houses under the prevailing harsh economic reality. The paper concluded that conflict resolution strategies is most required for a sustainable urban housing growth
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