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Internal Migration among Women and Street Trading Activity: A Poverty Reduction Strategy

Amoo, Emmanuel O. and Adetoro, Gbemisola W and Ajayi, M. P. (2014) Internal Migration among Women and Street Trading Activity: A Poverty Reduction Strategy. In: XVIII ISA World Congress of Sociology, 13-19 July 2014, Yolcohama, Japan.

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A major ingredient for unabated increase in street trading activities within urban centres of developing countries has been the need to migrate from the harsh effects of poverty of the poor households or family and rural communities. Ironically, the activity is shrouded in myriads of challenges and there are no robust arguments on financial benefits of the trade or its potential to improve the welfare conditions of the traders. This study, therefore, questions the role of urban street trading in welfare improvement and probes into its possibility in aggravating the burden of poverty among women who are the most vulnerable. Data were collected through structured face-to-face interviews intermediated by snowballing techniques among.l;262 women who trade on the streets. These techniques were adopted due to lack of sampling frame on the targeted population. The study locations consist of randomly selected Central Business Districts (CBDs) in two major cities across South-West geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The cities were purposively selected essentially due to proximity and cost. Besides, the state is the economic nerve centre and the most heterogeneous city in the country with diverse social, economic, political and cultural characteristics. The data were split by migrant and non-migrant and only migrants' data (n = 817) were analyzed using univariate and binary logistic regression analysis. The results indicate that about 70.2 percent o.f migrants earned less than :W5,000 per week while their average weekly expenditure is almo~t at par with the earnings leaving little margin for disposable income. It also revealed that in street trading activities, higher education is not significantly related to higher income among the migrant women (p-value 2: 5 percent). The authors observed that while lack of job can impede a woman's ability to ·support herself and the entire family, the provision of alternative job opportunities would help in reducing unemployment in the short run and spur economic growth in the long run. It is thus recommended that a more liberal street trade policy be· formulated that only restricts the activity to some meters away from road, creates safety awareness among the traders and smoothly transit the traders into gainful employment. . Also, since education and empowerment are potent solutions to women' poverty, free vocational training can be organised while financial assistance is provided for the traders to enlarge their trade but in a sedentqry system.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Internal migration, street trading, women, poverty
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2015 12:32
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2017 12:28

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