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Potentially Exploitable Base-Metal Containing Bentonite Clay Minerals oflbeshi-Ikorodu South-Western Nigeria for Oil Bleaching

Inegbenebor, A. I. and Sanya Olu, Olukayode P and Kehinde, O. O. and Inegbenebor, A.O. (2014) Potentially Exploitable Base-Metal Containing Bentonite Clay Minerals oflbeshi-Ikorodu South-Western Nigeria for Oil Bleaching. Covenant Journal of Physical and Life Sciences (CJPL), 2 (2).

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.The experiment has been undertaken to evaluate the bleaching capacity of lbeshi Montmorillonite-Bentonite clay to be used on soya bean oils (edible oils). The clay capacity for bleaching was evaluated before and after acid activation processes. The acid-activated Bentonite was prepared from raw Bentonite with sulphuric acid of concentrations 6 M, 7 M, and 8 M; this is because availability of hydrogen is a competitor at ions exchange site. Acid activation promotes catalytic activities by increasing the number of active sites of the clay samples. The results from AAS, GeMS analysis and the spectra of the raw clay indicated that the dominant components present were Ah~, MgO, CaO, Na20, and K20 together with Fe2~, Ti02, Mn02 and P20 5. The ratio ofNa20:CaO is 0.24-0.30, a value less than one, indicative the presence of montmorillonite, and the Si02 : Ah03 between ratio of 1.12-1.50 greater than one. The optimum acid concentration for industrial bleaching is 6 M H2S04. However, the exchange capacity was observed at pH 7. The work has shown that activated montmorillonite/Bentonite clay has other useful organic compounds such as organic complexes 2, 4-Nonadienal; up to 8% a-Tocopherol. Tests for bleaching performance evaluation confirmed that the clay has moderately bleaching action as shown by percentage colour reduction. The colour reduction for natural clay was 9.1 %, this value increases to 27.3% after 8M H2S04 activation. Other properties include the structural characteristics, free fatty acid value, viscosity were also recorded. The availability of Bentonite across Nigeria makes it a potential industrial mineral for the economy development

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bentonite, clay, dominant, components, acid-activated
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2015 09:13
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2015 09:13

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