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Diarrhoeal Disease Morbidity, Risk Factors and Treatments in a Low Socioeconomic Area of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Oni, Gbolahan > and Schumann, Debra A. and Oke, Ezekiel A. Diarrhoeal Disease Morbidity, Risk Factors and Treatments in a Low Socioeconomic Area of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Reseach.

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A 12-month diarrhoeal disease surveillance was carried out in a sample of 351 child-en under 3 years of age in a low - income traditional area of llorín, Nigeria to determine whether sociodemographic characteristics, including age of the child, sex, parity, mother's education, occupation, mother's age and household kitchen, were associated with the incidence of acute diarrhoea. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine association. Results indicated that only the age of the child and the type of kitchen used by the household had a significant association with diarrhoea. Diarrhoeal incidence decreases with the child's age while households with a private kitchen had a significantly lower incidence rate than those without a kitchen. This finding emphasises the importance of good hygiene in reducing the risk of having diarrhoea. Three common treatments applied by mothers are ORS (used in 14.8% of diarrhoea days), antibiotics (54.5%) and local herbs (27.7%). The younger a child is the more likely that ORS and antibiotics will be administered during diarrhoea. About 53% of the antibiotic use was by self medication while 40% were prescribed by the clinics. The need for educational campaigns to discourage the inappropriate use of antibiotics was emphasised. Key words'. Diarrhoea, Infantile; Risk factors; Diarrhoea morbidity; Diarrhoea mortality; Socioeconomic factors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Humanities
Depositing User: Professor Gbolahan Oni
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2015 21:28
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2015 21:28

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