Post - Reform Rural Employment Scenario in India With
Special Reference to Tamil Nadu.
Post - Reform Rural Employment Scenario in India With Special Reference to Tamil Nadu, 51 (3&4).
This paper highlighB the extent and the emerging role of economic reform in determining the
level of farm and non-farm employment in rural India by reviewing the past performance and
pstulating the conditions for employment generation and the predictted sustainable growth thereby.
It attempts a diachronic and synchronic study of the problems associated with unemployment, and
disguised unemployment,since the year of Reform. In the first section, attention is drawn to the
conditions impacting onite pace and paftern of employment growth in rural India and rural Tiamil
Nadu, bth in qualiative and guantitative aspcts. Further, the performance of rural sector in
emplogment generation is reviewed on well-established parameters, bringing out the pattern of
employment growth witnessed during the last decade of reforms by discussing the exogenous and
endogenous factors for changes in the sector.)
Moreover, the paper documents trends in employment generation in rural sector of the country
and the State of Timil Nadu in the pre-reform and post-reform period. Though Thmil Nadu even
as a late comer, has eaned the reputation of being at the forefront of Economic Reforms in the
country by implementing initiative in fiscal correction and restucturing of the state economy, there
remains, still significant uncovered areas in rural front, more particularly in ntral employment
generation. It is imperative that the Sate needs to address these problems, if it is to derive full
bnefits of reforms already launched and to make development more balanced, broad-based and
sustainable. In the final section, key issues and Government initiatives, which have wider
ramifications for achieuing npid employment generation and sustainable growth are outlined.
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