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Assessment of Periwinkle Shells Ash as Composite Materials for Particle Board Production

Ibrahim, Abdullahi and Sylvester, Gojim Sara (2015) Assessment of Periwinkle Shells Ash as Composite Materials for Particle Board Production. In: 2nd Covenant University Conference on African Development Issues (CU-ICADI), 11th - 13th May, 2015, Africa Leadership Development Center, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria..

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Composites based on natural fibre reinforcement have generated wide research and engineering interest in the last few decades due to their low density, high strength, low cost, renewability, and biodegradability. In this work, periwinkle shell ash reinforced polyethylene composite was developed under variation of the filler weight (5, 10, 15 and 20) %wt using compression moulding method. Composite of various compositions were developed and their properties evaluated with a view to assess its suitability for particle board production. The periwinkle shell was sourced locally and the polyethylene was also locally obtained from waste pure water sachet. The water absorption, thickness swelling, density, modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), ultimate tensile Strength (UTS), tensile modulus (E) and percentage elongation (El) were determined. The results showed high MOR of 25.80 MPa, MOE of 108.80 MPa, UTS of 9.32 MPa, and E of 25.90 MPa and El of 63.39 % for periwinkle shell ash polyethylene composite. The least water absorption is 22 % while the least thickness swelling is 6 %. The results obtained meet the minimum standard requirement for particle board production.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composite, Periwinkle shell ash, polyethylene, Particle board, strength.
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2015 10:11
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2015 10:11

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