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Optimization of Phenolic Based De-Emulsifiers

Efeovbokhan, Vincent Enon and Olayemi, K. M. and Anawe, Paul Apeye Lucky and Abatan, Olubunmi G. (2015) Optimization of Phenolic Based De-Emulsifiers. Journal of Applied Sciences, 15 (6). pp. 862-873. ISSN 1812-5654

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The de-emulsification of a Nigerian crude oil emulsion has been investigated using locally formulated base and acid catalyzed phenol formaldehyde resins with varied formaldehyde to phenol molar ratios. The bottle test method was used for the screening process and the best de-emulsifier was chosen based on the largest volume of water removed from the crude oil emulsion. The screening process was done at temperatures of 50 and 70°C and de-emulsifier concentrations of 20 and 50 part per million (ppm), respectively. A factorial design was done to determine the best combination of de-emulsification conditions for optimal performance. The results were optimized and analyzed using software called Minitab 16 utilizing pareto chart, normal effects, main effects and interactions plots. From the analysis, it was found that the optimum set of conditions for best performance of the resole de-emulsifier were 50 ppm, 70°C and 1.8:1 concentration, screening temperature and formaldehyde to phenol molar ratio, respectively. While for novolak de-emulsifiers, they were 50 ppm, 70°C and 0.1:1. Increasing temperature and concentrations were found to enhance de-emulsification performance with all the resole and novolak de-emulsifiers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Resole, novolak, de-emulsifiers, de-emulsification, emulsions
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2015 13:50
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2015 13:50

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