Iruonagbe, C. T.
Patriarchy and Women's Agricultural Production in Rural Nigeria.
Professor Bassey Andah Journal of Cultural Studies, 2.
The crucial importance of women's contribution to food
security in developing countries like Nigeria cannot be over
emphasized. It is estimated that about 80% of women in
rural areas are engaged in food crops production. Rural
women are regarded as the mainstay of small scale
agriculture. In most developing countries such as Nigeria,
the concern for increasing women's economic participation
especially in food production can be seen within the wider
general concern to alleviate the economic conditions of the
poor households, esp cially those in the rural sector,
majority ofwhom are-women and who occupy lower socioeconomic
status compared to their male counterparts.
Nigeria is a patriarchal society and inheritance is patrilineal
which invariably--creates severe cultural inhibitions to the
aspiration and productive capacity of women. This paper
therefore discusses the constraints faced by women in
Nigeria as producers and income earners for their families
by focusing on women's burden of reproduction, decision
making power, access to and ownership of land, capital,
information and technology. In discussing this, it is
recognized that both women and men are an integral part of
the solution to increasing agricultural productivity and
improving household food security and nutrition.
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