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Nigeria's Foreign Policy and Codification of National Interest: A Prescriptive Analysis

Yartey Ajayi, Lady and Njoaguani, O. B. and Olorunyomi, B.R. and Folarin, S. F. (2015) Nigeria's Foreign Policy and Codification of National Interest: A Prescriptive Analysis. Covenant University Joumal of Politics amlllltemational Affairs, 3 (2). pp. 68-81.

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Nigeria has an ambitious foreign policy but an ambiguous, unscripted, not well defined and inconsistent national interest. Aside the fact that this is not good for a country that pursues an ambitious external agenda and incongruent with its stature in global politics; it also makes the concept and reality of national interest susceptible to personalized interpretations, manipulations and distortions by the different political regimes. In other words, national interest becomes different strokes for different folks, depending on how each perceives and wishes it. Like every other sovereign country of the world, Nigeria's national interests have been largely determined and defined by the various leaderships that have over the years ruled the country. This paper builds its argument on the premise that a country's national interest is pivotal to its foreign policy and national development. Using the National Interest Theory (NRT) for a historical-descriptive discourse, the underlying issues found include the fact that in the case of Nigeria, as vital as the concept is both to the existence of a nation and as a source for the analysis of foreign policy behaviour of states, national interest has been subject to exploitation. Successive leadership of the country has hidden under the cover of national interest to perpetuate their individual interests. The probability for carrying out such acts is very high because Nigeria's national interest lacks proper codification and documentation. This paper thus makes a case for the codification and documentation of Nigeria's national interest. It does not suggest what the "interests" should be, but argues for intelligible national interest for direction, focus and attention to topmost priorities in the country's external relations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Foreign Policy, National Interest, Codification
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2016 10:02
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2020 10:05

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