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Determination Of The Chemical Compositions Of Clay Deposits From Some Part Of South West Nigeria For Industrial Applications

Inegbenebor, A. I. and Inegbenebor, A.O. and Mordi, Raphael C. and Kalada, N. and Falomo, A. and Sanyaolu, P. (2016) Determination Of The Chemical Compositions Of Clay Deposits From Some Part Of South West Nigeria For Industrial Applications. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 4 (1). pp. 21-26. ISSN 2277 – 9442

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Abstract

Clay is one of the major raw materials in ceramics, paint and paper industries. In this paper, a report is given on the chemical composition of clay deposits in Ilaro and Ikorodu, South West Nigeria and their suitability as raw materials in the above mentioned industries is suggested b comparison of their composition with industry standards. The clay samples were activated with H2S04 and their moisture content was determined. The mineral content of the clays was determined using atomic absorption spectroscopy, which showed significant presence ofSi; AI, Fe, and TiThe morphology of the clays was studied using scanning electron microscope (SEMIEDX) m combination with x-r;ty.an.alysis The investigation revealed the agglomeration of the particles of quartz and rutile on the surfilce structure of the activated clays. The l$llts obtained from their observed properties and chemical compositions indicate that these clays are suitable for use in the ceramics,. t_!aint'llnd paperj industries. This proposition is supported by reduction in moisture contents oft he activated clay sam()les from both Ilaro andl;k;;;io; ;~ro~d;u...·

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Clays; Morphology; Ceramics; Refractory materials; Chemical composition
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2016 11:32
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2016 11:32
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/6522

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