University Links: Home Page | Site Map
Covenant University Repository

Phytochemical and Proximate Analysis of Foliage and Seed of Bixa orellana Linn

Dike, I.P. and Ibojo, O.O. and Daramola, F.Y. and Omonhinmin, Conrad A. (2016) Phytochemical and Proximate Analysis of Foliage and Seed of Bixa orellana Linn. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 36 (2). pp. 247-251. ISSN 0976 – 044X

[img] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives.

Download (163kB)


The phytochemical and proximate evaluation of the foliage and seed of Bixa orellana for useful bioactive contents was determined in this study. Phytochemicals and crude contents profiles from aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the plant showed tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, glycosides, alkaloids, steroids, phenols and saponins. Quantitatively, 21.89 g, flavonoids; 31.86 g, glycosides; 11.11 tannins; 121.89 phenols was recorded for the leaf and 8.86 g, flavonoids; 93.22 g, glycosides; 44.79 tannins; 82.99 phenols and 10.11 g, saponins for seed. Proximate analysis showed 6.13±0.05 %, moisture; 4.5±0.36 %, ash; 10.40±0.25 %, crude fats; 52.80±0.5 %, crude fibre; 4.24±0.02 %, protein and 21.85±0.00 % carbohydrate for leaf and 4.89±0.19 %, moisture; 5.62±0.12 %, ash; 7.20±0.07 % , crude fats; 53.31±0.07 %, crude fibre; 12.55±0.28 %, protein and 16.26±0.39 %, carbohydrate content for seed. The high amount of phenolic compounds recorded indicates that Bixa orellana possess high antioxidant, anticarcinogenic and antimalarial potentials. The leaves showed significantly higher moisture, flavonoids, phenols and saponins content; hence to ensure sustainable management of the plant resources, the leaves should be the primary target of any phytochemicals extraction activities for B. orellana.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Conrad Asotie Omonhinmin
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2016 15:40
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2017 07:43

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item