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Causative Factors of Indoor Air Pollution in Nigerian Households

Omole, D. O. and Azubuike, T. U. and Ogbiye, S. A. and Ede, A. N. and Ajayi, O. O. (2016) Causative Factors of Indoor Air Pollution in Nigerian Households. In: 3rd International Conference On African Development Issues (CU-ICADI), May 9- May 11 2016, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.

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Abstract

Air pollution is one of the leading causes of human mortality in the world. Within a space of one year, 396,000 deaths arising from indoor air pollution (IAP) in sub-Sahara Africa was reported in 2006. Besides the loss of human lives, public health challenges such as pneumonia in children, asthma, tuberculosis, upper airway cancer and cataract are caused or aggravated by IAP. A study was conducted among households in Lagos and Ogun States in order to determine risk patterns of IAP among residents through the distribution of questionnaires to 2000 households. Random sampling was adopted in the distribution of the questionnaires. A total of 1,616 responses (81% return rate) was achieved. Questions addressed include type of building, smoking habits of residents, use and location of electricity generating sets, location of cooking, cooking methods and use of alternative lighting system in the event of power failure. Results indicate that 62.2% of the residents lived in buildings where some form of commercial activities are taking place. Also, 6.4% of the residents admitted to smoking within living quarters, 9.2% used electricity generators within the building confines; about 35.2% used kerosene stoves for cooking; and 4% of the respondents cooked in kitchens where there was no proper ventilation. 18.3% of the respondents used candle for lighting in closed rooms while 14.4% used palm oil lit lamps. It was concluded that the use of IAP enhancing methods of illumination and cooking within the households were informed by poverty, poor ventilation within households, security related issues. The enforcement of building codes and environmental regulations could forestall avoidable deaths in future

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Air, pollution, environment, building, sampling, public health.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2016 14:06
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2016 14:06
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/6635

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