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Microgrids For Sustainable Electricity Supply In African Countries

Soyoye, Oluwadamilola and Ayinla , Abiola (2016) Microgrids For Sustainable Electricity Supply In African Countries. In: 3rd International Conference On African Development Issues (CU-ICADI), May 9- May 11 2016, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.

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Africa is blessed with renewable energy resources. It is becoming increasingly needful to take advantage of these resources, especially as it relates to electricity supply. Electricity availability has been closely linked with economic growth in many countries. Yet, many rural communities do not even have electricity supply of any form and many urban areas do not have a reliable electricity supply. A number of solutions have been proposed to solve the energy crisis in Africa. One common observation is the abundance of renewable energy sources. Microgrids provide a platform to integrate several Distributed Energy Resources (DERs) using centralized control. African Communities can take advantage of their abundant resources by using Distributed Generation which can be fuelled by locally available materials. Solar energy, wind energy and biomass abound in many communities for localized electricity generation; backup systems from fossil fuel generation are readily available in form of diesel and petrol generators. Energy Storage Systems facilitate the integration of variable renewable energy sources by storing energy at low-demand periods for later use during high-demand periods. Microgrids also incorporate Energy Management Systems to promote energy efficiency. Microgrids have been installed in many parts of the world with high success rates. Governments can take advantage of Microgrids for Rural Electrification projects without incurring significant Transmission and Distribution costs associated with large scale power systems. The benefits of Microgrids are numerous and they can be designed to meet specific community needs. This paper explores Microgrid applicability in African countries and the use of renewable resources for electricity generation to facilitate a sustainable energy future

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microgrids; Renewable Energy Sources; Africa; Distributed Generatiion; Energy Storage Systems
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Ms Ugwunwa Esse
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2016 15:39
Last Modified: 29 Jun 2016 15:39

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