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Assessment Of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons In Locally Smoked Fish Sold In Lagos Markets

Adedapo , E.A. and Benson, N. U. and Williams, Akan B. and Aladesuyi, O. (2016) Assessment Of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons In Locally Smoked Fish Sold In Lagos Markets. In: Covenant University Chemistry Workshop/Conference 2016.

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Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are known widespread contaminants which represent an important group of carcinogens. This study reports the concentrations of PAHs in smoked fishes locally sold in two markets in Lagos state, Nigeria. The amounts of PAHs present in the samples were quantified using gas chromatography coupled with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). The total concentration of PAHs detected in each sample are 127.5, 86.06, 58.39 and 101.58 μg/kg dry weight for the following fish species respectively; Scomberomorus tritor, Tilapia guinensis, Ilisha africana and Clarias gariepinnus. Benzo[a]pyrene was present in all the samples and the concentration exceeds the permissible limit of 5.0 μg/kg except in one of the fish species. The abundance of high molecular weight PAHs in three of the fish species suggests that pyrolysis was the method used in the smoking process. From the maximum limit set by the European Commission for the sum of PAH, only S. tritor exceeded the 30 μg/kg limit with 54.68 μg/kg present.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: PAHs, Benzo(a)pyrene, Gas Chromatography, smoked fish
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2016 13:54
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2016 13:54
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/6821

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