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Electrochemical Performance of Phyllanthus Muellerianus on the Corrosion of Concrete Steel-reinforcement in Industrial/Microbial Simulating-environment

Okeniyi, J O and Loto, C A and Popoola, A P I (2014) Electrochemical Performance of Phyllanthus Muellerianus on the Corrosion of Concrete Steel-reinforcement in Industrial/Microbial Simulating-environment. Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta, 32 (3). pp. 199-211. ISSN 1647-1571

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Abstract

Electrochemical monitoring techniques were employed in this study to assess anticorrosion performance of Phyllanthus muellerianus leaf-extract on concrete steel-reinforcement in 0.5 M H2SO4, used for simulating industrial/microbial environment. For this, steel-reinforced concretes admixed with different concentrations of the natural plant leaf-extract were partially immersed in the acidic test-solution and subjected to electrochemical monitoring of corrosion potential, corrosion current and corrosion rate. Test responses analysed as per ASTM G16-95 R04, showed that the corrosion rate correlated, r = 84.93%, ANOVA p-value = 0.0403, with the leaf-extract concentration admixed in concrete and the ratio of the standard deviation of potential to the standard deviation of current. These identified the 0.3333% Phyllanthus muellerianus (per weight of cement) with optimum effectiveness at inhibiting steel-reinforcement corrosion both by the experimental model, η = 91.66±2.51%, and by the prediction from the correlation fitting model, η = 85.54±14.44%. Fittings of both the experimental and the predicted data followed the Flory–Huggins and the Frumkin adsorption isotherms which suggest prevalent mechanism of physical adsorption (physisorption) of the extract on steel-rebar surface. These support the use of Phyllanthus muellerianus as environmentally-friendly admixture for inhibiting concrete steel-reinforcement corrosion in the industrial/microbial service-environment. © 2014, Sociedade Portuguesa de Electroquimica. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption isotherm; Correlation fitting analysis; Environmentally-friendly inhibitor; Inhibition efficiency; Steel-rebar corrosion in acidic environment
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Mathematics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Dr Joshua Olusegun Okeniyi
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2016 10:39
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2016 10:39
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/6869

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