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Effect of ethylenediaminetetraacetic disodium dihydrate and sodium nitrite admixtures on steel-rebar corrosion in concrete

Okeniyi, Joshua Olusegun and Omoniyi, O.M. and Okpala, Stanley Okechukwu and Loto, Cleophas Akintoye and Popoola, Abiola Patricia Idowu (2013) Effect of ethylenediaminetetraacetic disodium dihydrate and sodium nitrite admixtures on steel-rebar corrosion in concrete. European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, 17 (5). pp. 398-416. ISSN 1964-8189

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Abstract

This study investigates effect of different concentrations of ethylenediaminetetraacetic disodium dihydrate (EDTA-Na2: C 10H14N2Na2O8.2H 2O) and sodium nitrite (NaNO2) admixtures, individually or in synergistic/partial NaNO2 replacement model, on the corrosion of concrete steel-rebar in NaCl and in H2SO4 media. Electrochemical monitoring techniques were employed for 48 steel-reinforced concrete samples immersed in the saline/marine and microbial/industrial simulating test environments for 96 days. These test data were subjected to the analyses of the Normal and the Weibull distribution fitting models, for each of which goodness of their fitting the electrochemical test data were studied using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test statistics. Analysed results showed that EDTA-Na2 admixture concentrations exhibited better inhibition effectiveness, with relatively good effectiveness in their synergistic admixtures, than their equal-mass NaNO2 counterparts in both corrosive environments. Also, post-electrochemical experiment subjection of the concrete samples to testing and analyses of ASTM C39/C39M-03 and ASTM C267-01 showed that use of the optimally inhibiting 8 g EDTA-Na2 (per 2 × 10-3m3 concrete) culminates in gross reduction in compressive strength of concretes in both test-media. However, lowered EDTA-Na2 concentrations exhibited better strength improvements with high corrosion inhibition in the test environments. These suggest suitability of EDTA-Na2 as an environmental-friendly NaNO2 alternative for inhibiting steel-rebar corrosion in saline/marine and microbial/industrial environments. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: compressive strength improvement; concrete steel-rebar; environmental-friendly corrosion inhibitor; statistical modelling functions
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Mathematics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Dr Joshua Olusegun Okeniyi
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2016 11:11
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2017 09:13
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/6876

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