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End-use energy utilization efficiency of Nigerian residential sector

Abam, Fidelis I. and Ohunakin, O.S. and Nwankwojike, Bethrand N. and Ekwe, Ekwe B. (2014) End-use energy utilization efficiency of Nigerian residential sector. Frontiers in Energy, 8 (3). pp. 322-334. ISSN 20951701

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Abstract

In this paper, the end-use efficiencies of the different energy carriers and the overall energy efficiency in the Nigerian residential sector (NRS) were estimated using energy and energy analysis. The energy and energy flows were considered from 2006 to 2011. The overall energy efficiency ranges from 19.15% in 2006 to 20.19% in 2011 with a mean of (19.96±0.23)% while the overall energy efficiency ranges from 4.34% in 2006 to 4.40% in 2011 with a mean of (4.31±0.059)%. The energy and energy efficiency margin was 15.58% with a marginal improvement of 0.07% and 0.02%, respectively when compared with previous results. The contribution of the energy carriers to the total energy and energy inputs were 1.45% and 1.43% for electricity, 1.95% and 3% for fossil fuel and 96.6% and 95.57% for bio-fuel. The result shows that approximately 65% of the residence use wood and biomass for domestic cooking and heating, and only a fraction of the residence have access to electricity. LPG was found to be the most efficient while kerosene, charcoal, wood and other biomass the least in this order. Electricity utilization energy efficiency is affected by vapor-compression air conditioning application apart from low potential energy applications. In addition, this paper has suggested alternatives in the end-use application and has demonstrated the relevance of energy analysis in enhancing sustainable energy policies and management and improved integration techniques

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: end-use energy energy efficiency residential sector Nigeria
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2016 09:50
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2016 09:50
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/7411

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