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SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF URBAN RENEWAL ON INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN OGUN STATE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Adekola, Paul Oluwatomipe and ALLEN, Abimbola Adebimpe and Tinuola, Femi R. (2017) SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF URBAN RENEWAL ON INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS IN OGUN STATE, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA. Journal of Internal Displacement, 7 (1). pp. 16-30.

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Abstract

Urban renewal has always been undertaken to clean up and beautify a city in accordance with a prescribed new layout plan. Many unintended consequences, especially forceful evictions and internal displacement of persons however, usually accompany such exercises. This paper aims to examine the socio-economic and health implications of urban renewal for residents of Ogun State, Southwestern Nigeria. In the last five years, massive urban renewal programs have been implemented in five local government areas (LGAs) in the State: Abeokuta North, Ado/Odo Ota, Sagamu, Yewa South and Ijebu Ode from which two (Abeokuta North and Ado-Odo/Ota) were purposively selected for this study. Primary data was obtained through administration of questionnaires to 380 randomly selected affected adults with demolished houses or shops, and analysed using logistic regression. The results indicated that urban renewal had a significant negative impact on the occupation (odds ratio = 3.0; p < 0.01) and income (p < 0.01) of affected persons. Urban renewal had also significantly affected the health status of respondents because those whose houses or shops were demolished were 12 times more likely to suffer depression from loss of sleep (odds ratio= 12.08; p<0.01), loss of appetite (p<0.01) and feelings of hopelessness (p<0.01). It is therefore recommended that urban renewal in Nigeria should be more holistic (cater for the needs of people who are likely to be affected and get them involved from start to finish before demolition) to avoid these associated side effects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Urban renewal, consequences, forceful evictions, questionnaire, Nigeria
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2017 10:06
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2017 10:06
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/7548

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