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The burden of road traffic crashes, injuries and deaths in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Adeloye, Davies and Thompson, Jacqueline Y and Akanbi, M. A. and Azuh, Dominic E. and Samuel, Victoria and Omoregbe, N. A. and Ayo, C. K. (2016) The burden of road traffic crashes, injuries and deaths in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Systematic reviews. pp. 510-521.

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Abstract

To estimate the burden of road traffic injuries and deaths for all road users and among different road user groups in Africa. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Google Scholar, websites of African road safety agencies and organizations for registry- and population-based studies and reports on road traffic injury and death estimates in Africa, published between 1980 and 2015. Available data for all road users and by road user group were extracted and analysed. We conducted a random-effects meta-analysis and estimated pooled rates of road traffic injuries and deaths. Findings We identified 39 studies from 15 African countries. The estimated pooled rate for road traffic injury was 65.2 per 100 000 population (95% confidence interval, CI: 60.8–69.5) and the death rate was 16.6 per 100 000 population (95% CI: 15.2–18.0). Road traffic injury rates increased from 40.7 per 100 000 population in the 1990s to 92.9 per 100 000 population between 2010 and 2015, while death rates decreased from 19.9 per 100 000 population in the 1990s to 9.3 per 100 000 population between 2010 and 2015. The highest road traffic death rate was among motorized four-wheeler occupants at 5.9 per 100 000 population (95% CI: 4.4–7.4), closely followed by pedestrians at 3.4 per 100 000 population (95% CI: 2.5–4.2). Conclusion The burden of road traffic injury and death is high in Africa. Since registry-based reports underestimate the burden, a systematic collation of road traffic injury and death data is needed to determine the true burden.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Medicine
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2017 10:59
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2017 10:59
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/7631

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