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MODELING AND OPTIMIZATION OF WATER-JET TRANSPORT PHENOMENON IN FIRE SERVICE

Kamalu, Ikenna C. and Okolie, I. J. (2013) MODELING AND OPTIMIZATION OF WATER-JET TRANSPORT PHENOMENON IN FIRE SERVICE. Research Journal in Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2 (6). pp. 434-438. ISSN 2276-8467

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Abstract

A model is developed that will allow the fireman to stand as far back as possible from a collapsing wall of a storey building while directing a water jet into a window of the burning building. The variables in the model are therefore, the initial angle (α) and the distance of the fireman from the wall (x). Data collected from Imo State Fire Service, Nigeria, were used in validating the model. The model gives 60o as an optimum initial water jet angle to the horizontal. With 60o as the initial angle, the optimum distance is dependent on the initial velocity of the gun. This can be applied in a burning storey building that is in the risk of collapsing anywhere in the world. The optimum distance from the wall must satisfy equation (10). The work enables the fireman to know a particular point to stand near the building with respect to initial velocity of water fountain and its initial tilt to the horizontal.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Modeling, Optimization, Water-Jet, Fire Service, Burning, Collapsing Building.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2017 10:06
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2017 10:06
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/7860

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