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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in imported Sardinops sagax: Levels and health risk assessments through dietary exposure in Nigeria

Benson, N. U. and Anake, W. U. and Adedapo , E.A. and Fred-Ahmadu, O.H. and Eke, Kelechi P. (2017) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in imported Sardinops sagax: Levels and health risk assessments through dietary exposure in Nigeria. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 57. pp. 109-116. ISSN 0889-1575

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Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurrence and assessment of dietary exposure from imported canned sardines (Sardinops sagax) commercially marketed in local stores and supermarkets in Nigeria were evaluated for the first time. PAHs determinations were performed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (Agilent 1290 model) equipped with UV-VIS diodes array detector (DAD) at l = 210 nm and 214 nm. The percentage recoveries were higher than 96%. The degree of contamination expressed as total concentration of PAH congeners ranged between 2.53 and 35.55 mg kg�1 dry weight (d. w.) at l = 210 nm, and 1.30 and 27.93 mg kg�1 (d.w.) at l = 214 nm. The carcinogenic (TEQBaP) and mutagenic toxicities (MEQBaP) of eight priority PAHs were evaluated. Benzo[a]pyrene, benzo[b] fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene and indeno[1,2,3-c,d] pyrene contributed significantly to the total carcinogenic equivalents of PAHs. The mutagenic equivalents were largely dominated by chrysene, benzo [b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene and indeno[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene equivalence factors. The estimated lifetime average daily dose (LADD), average annual excess risk (AR), excess cancer rate (ECR), and hazard quotient risk (HQ) were evaluated for adults, children and preteens exposure related risks. The LADD, ECR, AR and HQ of PAHs for carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks are relatively higher in preteens than children and adults.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Human health risk assessments Imported processed fish Mutagenicity Carcinogenicity Food analysis Food composition
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 10:40
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2017 15:54
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/7926

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