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Characterization and performance of nanofiltration membranes

Agboola, Oluranti and Maree, Jannie and Mbaya, Richard (2014) Characterization and performance of nanofiltration membranes. Environ Chem Lett, 12. pp. 241-255.

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The availability of clean water has become a critical problems facing the society due to pollution by human activities. Most regions in the world have high demands for clean water. Supplies for freshwater are under pressure. Water reuse is a potential solution for clean water scarcity. A pressure-driven membrane process such as nanofiltration has become the main component of advanced water reuse and desalination systems. High rejection and water permeability of solutes are the major characteristics that make nanofiltration membranes economically feasible for water purification. Recent advances include the prediction of membrane performances under different operating conditions. Here, we review the characterization of nanofiltration membranes by methods such as scanning electron microscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis, attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. Advances show that the solute rejection and permeation performance of nanofiltration membranes are controlled by the composition of the casting solution of the active layer, cross-linking agent concentration, preparation method, and operating conditions. The solute rejection depends strongly on the solute type, which includes charge valency, diffusion coefficient, and hydration energy. We also review the analysis of the surface roughness, the nodule size, and the pore size of nanofiltration membranes. We also present a new concept for membrane characterization by quantitative analysis of phase images to elucidate the macro-molecular packing at the membrane surface.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanofiltration membranes � Membrane characterizations � Pore size � Surface morphology � Performance evaluation � ImageJ software
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2017 14:12
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2017 14:12

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