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Effect of Benzamide on the Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel in Sulphuric Acid

Loto, C. A. and Loto, R. T. and Joseph, O. O (2017) Effect of Benzamide on the Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel in Sulphuric Acid. S. Afr. J. Chem., 70. pp. 38-43.

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Abstract

The effect of benzamide as a chemical inhibitor on mild steel corrosion in 0.5M H2SO4 was studied at ambient temperature. The experimental work was performed with gravimetric and potentiostatic polarization measurement methods. Potentiostatic polarization measurement was performed with a potentiostat (Autolab PGSTAT 30ECOCHIMIE) interfaced with a computer for data acquisition and analysis. The benzamide inhibitor achieved very effective corrosion inhibition of the steel specimens in the H2SO4 test medium. The inhibition performance increased with increasing concentration of the inhibitor. Benzamide’s best performance was achieved with the 4 g 200 mL–1 H2SO4 concentration and closely followed by the 3 g 200 mL–1 of the H2SO4. In 0.5MH2SO4, the 4 g and 3 g 200 mL–1 H2SO4 gave the optimal performance with weight loss of 2.99 g at 480 h of the experiment, respectively. The corrosion rate for 4 g’s was 6.4mmyr–1. The experiment also achieved polarization resistance values of 3.98 and 2.37E+01Ù; corrosion rate,CR, of 7.48E+00 and 1.26E+01mmyr–1 and current density (Icorr) values of 6.45E–04 and 1.08E – 03A cm–2, respectively. The corrosion inhibition efficiency values are, respectively, 60 and 70 % for both 3 g and 4 g 200 mL–1 H2SO4 concentrations at 48 h.Results of ba and bc indicated a mixed type inhibitor. Benzamide adsorption on the steel’s surface obeys the Freundlich adsorption isotherm.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrochemical corrosion, benzamide, inhibitor, sulphuric acid, mild steel, polarization.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2017 10:40
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2017 10:40
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/8052

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