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PUBLIC BUDGETING AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA

Ben-Caleb, Egbide (2015) PUBLIC BUDGETING AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA. PhD thesis, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria..

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Abstract

Public budgeting is reckoned as the most rational, logical, legal, and acceptable basis for the mobilisation and allocation of resources to government strategic areas of national priorities, of which poverty reduction is principal. However, the increasing trend of the population in poverty in Nigeria negates this expectation, contradicts conventional wisdom and suggests the existence of infractions in the budget process and management. Hence, this study was envisioned and preoccupied with the objective of establishing the relationships between the attributes of sound budgeting namely: allocative efficiency, operational efficiency, budget discipline and budget reforms and poverty reduction in Nigeria. To achieve these objectives, explanatory research design was adopted employing both primary and secondary data. The primary data were obtained from the administration of 400 copies of questionnaire to two sampled groups, namely, government agencies and non-governmental organisations. Secondary data were obtained from official government publications sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). The data were analysed using Partial correlation (PC), Ordinary Least Square (OLS) Regression, Paired sample T-test as well as Mann-Whitney U Test. In addition, the long-term relationship of the predictor and the outcome variables were gauged using the Johansen cointegration technique. The outcome of the analyses reveals that budgetary allocation is negatively and significantly associated with poverty index (Long-run coefficient of LPBAKS -1.499277, T-statistic -3.51487) while budget discipline does not have a strong influence on poverty incidence in Nigeria (long-run coefficient LBDISC - 0.123401, T-statistic -1.71511). Also, the relationship between the incidence of poverty and operational efficiency of the budgetary process was found to be significant (Long-run coefficient of LEDEXP and LTDSERV 0.158931, T-statistic 5.98782 and -0.211144. T-statistic -10.3891 respectively). It was also found that budget-related reforms namely MTEF (POI/MTEF, t = 1.680, sig = 0.168) and FRA (POI/FRA, t = -3.830 sig = 0.62) had not had any significant impact on poverty reduction in Nigeria. The research also found the existence of peculiar budgeting problems in Nigeria, including budget indiscipline/corruption (rank value 4.63/5), fiscal impropriety (rank value 4.35/5), allocative inefficiency (rank value 3.51/5) and poor budget governance (rank value 2.97/5) among others. The study recommended that government should, as a deliberate policy, increase allocation to the economic and social sectors, such as: education, agriculture, health, transport and communication, in view of their direct impact on the poor. The enforcement of budget discipline in all its three dimensions was also recommended to ensure that allocations are not misdirected. It was recommended that budgetary institutions be strengthened through participative budgeting and adherence to the provisions of the Fiscal Responsibility Act (FRA) and enforcing other budget-related reforms to enhance their impact on the budget management and poverty reduction. These and other recommendations made in this study have the potential to transform the federal budget from just an annual ritual to a concrete instrument for economic transformation, as well as a practical tool in the hand of government for winning the war against poverty in Nigeria.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Public budgeting, POVERTY
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5601 Accounting
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Aderonke Olufunke Asaolu
Date Deposited: 26 Jun 2017 17:57
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2017 17:57
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/8495

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