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Proximate composition, structural characterization and phytochemical screening of the seed oil of Adenanthera pavonina linn

Ajani, Olayinka O. (2017) Proximate composition, structural characterization and phytochemical screening of the seed oil of Adenanthera pavonina linn. Rasayan Journal of Chemistry, 10 (3). pp. 807-814. ISSN 0974-1496

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Abstract

Adenanthera pavonina is leguminous species which is a perennial and non-climbing tree which is a highly valuable plant for food, drink, and traditional medicine. The Adenanthera pavonina Linn Seed was obtained in our institution premises. This present study was targeted at evaluating proximate analysis, phytochemical determination, a physicochemical parameter of the spectroscopically characterized oil sample of Adenanthera pavonina. The oil which was extracted by standard method had percentage yield of 15.36%. The phytochemical screening of the oil revealed the presence of saponin, alkaloid, and terpenoids. Proximate analysis result unveiled that seed oil of Adenanthera pavonina Linn had an appreciable quantity of protein 27.72%, Crude fiber 5.82 and Ash contents 2.51. It also showed the moisture content, organic matter, carbohydrate, pH and Refractive index to be 13.34%, 97.49% 54.36%, 5.96 and 1.62 respectively. The mineral determination showed that the seed oil contained Manganese (0.001 ± 0.0002 %), Iron (13.52 mg/kg), while Potassium (K), Sodium (Na), Nickel (Ni), Chromium (Cr), Cobalt (Co), Lead (Pb) and Cadmium (Cd) were below the detectable limit. The structure of the oil was elucidated using physicochemical analyses and spectral data which include FT-IR, UV, 1H- and 13C-NMR as well as mass spectral data. The spectroscopic data correlated well and was consistent with the proposed structure. The seed oil could provide access to increase dietary formulation owing to its high protein content. Keywords

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: oxidative rancidity, soxhlet extraction, phytochemistry, Adenanthera pavonina
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Depositing User: Mr Olayinka O. AJANI
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2017 11:11
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2017 11:11
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/8613

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