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Virtual Assessment of Air Pollution Dispersion from Anthropogenic Sudden Explosion

Usikalu, M.R. Virtual Assessment of Air Pollution Dispersion from Anthropogenic Sudden Explosion. American Journal of Environmental Sciences.

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The control of air pollutants from anthropogenic sources seems almost impossible due to numerous influencing factors present in the atmosphere. In this study, we carried out a virtual mathematical experimentation using Math CAD, Mat lab and analytical approximation to estimate the dimensional impact of initial pollutant plume cloud from a sudden volcanic blast and the dynamics of its wind field. The high point of the experimentation is the period of the first one-tenth of a second (1 decisecond) to 1 min (60 s) of the blast at the point source. We also assessed the long range air pollution dispersion within the first 1 to 10 min of plume cloud released under practical assumptions. The model revealed a plume cloud impact of 6.8×107 μgm−3 in the first 1 millisecond (0.01 s) which decayed suddenly to a value of 1.7×107 μgm−3 in the first 1 deci-second (0.1 s). The impact concentration at the point source by the end of the first second (1.0 s) was 3.2×105 μgm−3 which implied a 99.5% sudden decay when compared with 0.01 s concentration value at the emission point source. It is observed that air pollutants released from explosives/blasts get transported into the atmosphere in the first few seconds by forceful injection instead of by gradual dispersion as is the case with normal air pollutants plume releases. A mathematical control process was propounded (which is still subject to further research) to reduce the quick flow of air pollutants

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Depositing User: Dr. Mojisola Usikalu
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2017 14:18
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2017 14:18

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