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Effects of Phyllanthus muellerianus Leaf-Extract on Steel-Reinforcement Corrosion in 3.5% NaCl-Immersed Concrete

Okeniyi, Joshua and Loto, Cleophas and Popoola, Abimbola (2016) Effects of Phyllanthus muellerianus Leaf-Extract on Steel-Reinforcement Corrosion in 3.5% NaCl-Immersed Concrete. Metals, 6 (12). p. 255. ISSN 2075-4701

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Abstract

This paper investigates Phyllanthus muellerianus leaf-extract effects on steel-reinforcement corrosion in concrete immersed in 3.5% NaCl, simulating saline/marine environment. Different concentrations of the leaf-extract were admixed in steel-reinforced concrete samples, which were immersed, with normal control, in the test-environment, while positive control samples were immersed in distilled water. Electrochemical measurements of corrosion-rate (by linear-polarization resistance instrument), corrosion-current (by zero-resistance-ammeter) and corrosion-potential (by high impedance multimeter) were obtained for assessing the reinforcing-steel corrosion. Analyzed results showed that the corrosion-rate exhibited excellent correlation (R = 98.82%, Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency = 97.66%, ANOVA p-value = 0.0006) with function of the admixture concentration and of the corrosion noise-resistance (ratio of corrosion-potential and corrosion-current standard deviations). The 0.3333% Phyllanthus muellerianus (per weight of cement) exhibited optimal efficiency, η = 97.58% ± 1.28% (experimental) or 95.33% ± 4.25% (predicted), at inhibiting concrete steel-reinforcement corrosion in the test-environment, which compares well with the positive control performance model, η = 97.96% ± 0.03%. The experimental and predicted models followed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm, which indicated physisorption as the Phyllanthus muellerianus leaf-extract adsorption mechanism on the reinforcing-steel. These support suitability of the N-, S-, and O-containing and Ï€-electron rich Phyllanthus muellerianus leaf-extract as an environmentally-friendly inhibitor for effective corrosion-protection of steel-reinforcement in concrete designed for the saline/marine environment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Analyses of metallic corrosion test-data; Environmentally-friendly inhibitor; Inhibition of metallic corrosion; Langmuir adsorption isotherm; Non-destructive tests by electrochemical corrosion monitoring; Saline/marine simulating-environment; Steel-reinforcement corrosion
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QK Botany
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TH Building construction
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
V Naval Science > VM Naval architecture. Shipbuilding. Marine engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Mathematics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Joshua Olusegun Okeniyi
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2017 04:08
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2017 04:08
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/8754

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