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Sustainable Mannequin Robotic Telepresence for Maternal Mortality Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

Matthews, V. O. and Popoola, Segun I. and Atayero, A. A. and Badejo, J. A. and Adetiba, E. (2017) Sustainable Mannequin Robotic Telepresence for Maternal Mortality Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 16 (1). pp. 138-147. ISSN 1682-3915

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Abstract

This study presents a cost-effective, energy-efficient and eco-friendly solution that could significantly reduce maternal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. Low-income cmmtries can exploit the huge potential of ICT to effectively handle the challenge of shortage of qualified medical consultants and specialists which has become a serious threat to sustainable development in the region. Unfortnnately, available telepresence solutions in telemedicine have extremely low penetration in emerging economies due to relatively exorbitant costs and lack of reliable power grid. Therefore, we developed a context-adaptive robotic telepresence, Sustainable Mannequin Robotic Telepresence (SMART) which is well-suitable for remote ward rormding in Sub-Saharan Africa. Two IF network cameras that commrmicates over the Internet using Wi-Fi transceiver module available on raspberry pi were housed in a plastic mannequin to minimize cost. The system was designed to operate on solar PV system or free energy alternative source to ensure availability of required electrical power at low cost. SJ\.1ART system gives a better impression of the physical presence of a physician. The results of the comparative cost analysis of SJ\.1ART with robotic telepresence available in the market showed that our system is more affordable with better efficiency thus increasing the chances of maternal mortality reduction among rmderserved populations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Maternal mortality, robotic telepresence, telemedicine, Sub-Saharan Africa, sustainable development
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2017 08:07
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 08:07
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/9231

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