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WOMEN IN CONFLICTUAL SITUATIONS IN THE WAR-TORN DARFUR,SUDAN: AN EXPLOSITION

Fayomi, Oluyemi Oyenike (2009) WOMEN IN CONFLICTUAL SITUATIONS IN THE WAR-TORN DARFUR,SUDAN: AN EXPLOSITION. CONFLICT MANAGEMENT, PEACE ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT, 12B. pp. 173-181. ISSN 1572-8323

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Abstract

Women in Africa increasingly bear greater burden of conflicts in which they rarely contribute to the outbreak. Historically, the Geneva Convention of 1949 and their Additional Protocol of 1977 acknowledge women as the most vulnerable members of the population and explicitly contain special measures to protect women during armed conflicts. Rape and sexual violence continue at an alarming rate in the ongoing genocide in Darfur. Rapes and other forms of sexual violence are being used as weapons of war to humiliate, punish, control, inflict fear, and displace women and their communities. These acts constitute grave violations of International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, including war crimes against humanity. It should be noted that African women face shelling, famine, epidemics, forced displacement, detention, torture and execution like other civilians caught up in the maelstrom of war. Mass rapes in Darfur effectively terrorize women, break their will, and destroy the fabric of the society. Rape also has serious economic and social consequences in Darfurian society by making the victims ineligible for marriage and ostracized by the community and the family members. The economic and political implications of war are also noticeable in the way women that are internally displaced ( I D Ps) and refugees are being forced to exchange sexual favors in desperation for goods and services by the Sudanese security forces, including police deployed to protect them. It is pertinent to note that documented cases of rape or sexual violence in war time only represent the tip of the iceberg. In war and also during peace time. the stigma associated with rape and the victim's self-blame mean that the vast majority of cases go unreported. Therefore , sympathetic care and counseling for victims are essential to regain their self-esteem, dignity, and to facilitate their reintegration into society and family life. There should be greater recognition of the scourge of sexual violence, as well as public condemnation, with strict enforcement of existing national and international laws.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2017 10:35
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2017 10:35
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/9303

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