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Hydrogeochemical Study, Health Implications and Interpretation of Surface Water Analysis Around Rural Settlements of Ita sin and Oki-gbode, Southwestern, Nigeria

Ikhane , Phillips R. and Folorunso, Adetayo Femi and Shonibare, Olufcmi L. and Odukoya, Abiodun M. and Shomoye, Comfort O. (2010) Hydrogeochemical Study, Health Implications and Interpretation of Surface Water Analysis Around Rural Settlements of Ita sin and Oki-gbode, Southwestern, Nigeria. Journal of Appli ed Sciences Research, 6 (12). pp. 2045-2050.

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Abstract

A total of twelve water sa mples were collected from two rivers in ltasin and Oki-Gbode nreas of lmobi, southwestern Nigeria, six (6) from each river and analyzed for chemical and physical quality parameters. The two water bodies serve the inhabilcHltS of these communities as source of drinking water, agricultural and domestic uses. The hydrochemical parameters deterlllinecl include major cntions and ani0ns using Induct ively Coupled Plnsrna Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICI'-OES) and the ion Chromnlogrnphy methods to evaluate the water type, qunlity and usnge. The physicnl analysis of the water samples were determined and the resu lts indicate that the pl-1 and Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) values nmge from 4.4-5.5 and 2 1.00- 75.00 mg/L respectively, Electrica l Conductance (EC) ranges from 32.3 1- 1 15.39 mS/cm and Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) from 1.62-3.39. Results of the chemical and physical analysis obtained for the ri ver water samples were assessed and compared with World Health Organizntion (W II O) and Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON) stan dards in order to deduce if the water satisfies all the· conditions for potability, irrigation and industrial use in low pressure boilers. 'Results obtained show that the Weller samples do not fit for drinking from the two standards c.mployed, but C<l ll fi nd uses in irrigation and for industri<~ l purposes in low pressure boilers. The health implications deriving from drinking of these water bodies could be very devastntin g. For example, eonsumption of water having low pH over a long period of time may lead to metabolic acidosis, respiration may become deep and rapid in severe cases. Using Piper Trilinear diagram, the water samples were cla~;sified as Alkal i/Earth Alkaline fCa - Na- Cl - S04 - I IC04] water type.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Wnter Quality, Piper/Trilinear Diagrr1111, Sodium Absorpti on Ratio (SAR); llydrochemiefl
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Geography
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2017 11:30
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2017 04:13
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/9417

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