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2- D Electrical Imaging And Its Application In Groundwater Exploration In Part Of Kubanni River Basin-Zaria, Nigeria

Ameloko, A. and Rotimi, Oluwatosin J. (2010) 2- D Electrical Imaging And Its Application In Groundwater Exploration In Part Of Kubanni River Basin-Zaria, Nigeria. World Rural Observations, 2 (2).

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Abstract

A modern field system, Terrameter (Signal Averaging System) SAS 4000/1000, was used to accomplish the task of exploring groundwater in Kubanni River Basin. 23 image lines were measured at different strategic locations of the study area based on the fractured map of the area and previous information obtained from the area. Four straight line profiles with a spread of 200 m per section were traversed during the course of this survey with three of them generally trending along a North-South direction while the fourth, trends approximately along the East- West direction. The four profiles have a total coverage distance of about 4.2 km. The data used for this survey was acquired by measuring a series of constant traverse along the same line but with the electrode spacing being increased with each successive traverse. Since increasing separation leads to greater depth penetration, the measured apparent resistivities was used to construct a vertical contoured section displaying the variation of resistivity both laterally and vertically over the section. Interpretation of the data acquired using this equipment revealed the suitability of the Southern part of the study area for location of boreholes, as the resistivity values of rock obtained around this zone reflects aquiferous materials. More layers of rock units around Area BZ and Tudun Sarki were revealed than what was reported by previous workers. Also observed were slight variation in depth to bed rock around area BZ and the Nigerian College of Aviation Technology as compared with observations made by previous workers. However, the observation of the increasing undulating bedrock geometry with depth towards the southern part of the study area was consistent with that of the previous workers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrical, Image processing, Tomography, Fractures, Permeability, Hydrology
Subjects: T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2017 11:35
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2017 12:07
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/9654

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