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Stratigraphy and reservoir quality of the turbidite deposits, western sag, Bohai bay, China P.R.

Rotimi, Oluwatosin J. and Ako, Bankole D. and Zhenli, Wang (2014) Stratigraphy and reservoir quality of the turbidite deposits, western sag, Bohai bay, China P.R. Journal of African Earth Sciences. pp. 517-528.

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Stratigraphic and subtle reservoirs such as pinchouts, sand lenses and unconformities have been discovered in Bohai basin. These reservoirs occur in sub-basins and sag structures called depressions. A prolific depression is the Liaohe depression that has been filled with rapidly changing mixed alluvial fan deposit of the Cenozoic age. Attempts made at recovering residual hydrocarbon from the subtle reservoir have necessitated the re-evaluation of available data to characterize and model the prolific Shahejie Formation turbidite deposit occurring as pinchouts and sand lenses for hydrocarbon assessment, reservoir quality and possible recovery through enhanced methods. Methods employed covered well logs analysis, clustering analysis for electrofacies and fuzzy logic analysis to predict missing log sections. Stratigraphic and structural analysis was done on SEGY 3D seismic volume after seismic to well tie. Stochastic simulation was done on both discrete and continuous upscaled data. This made it possible to correctly locate and laterally track identified reservoir formation on seismic data. Petrophysical parameters such as porosity and permeability were modeled with result of clustering analysis. Result shows that electrofacies converged on 2 rock classes. The area is characterized by the presence of interbeded sand-shale blanket formations serving as reservoir and seal bodies. The reservoir quality of the formations as seen on the petrophysical analysis done is replicated in simulation volume results. Reservoir rocks have porosity between 0.1 and 0.25, permeability between 1 and 2mD and hydrocarbon saturation as high as 89%. Lithofacies are observed to be laterally inconsistent, sub-parallel to dipping and occurring as porous and permeable continuous beds or pinchouts hosting hydrocarbon. The stochastic stratigraphic model depicts rock units in associations that are synsedimentary. The prevalent configuration gotten from the model gave an insight into exploring and developing the field for enhanced oil recovery of the heavy hydrocarbon of this area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Modeling Turbidites Stratigraphy Electrofacies Alluvial fan Hydrocarbon
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2017 12:37
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 12:37

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