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Beyond Prejudice as Simple Antipathy: Hostile and Benevolent Sexism Across Cultures

Glick, P. and Fiske, S. T. and Mladinic, A. and Saiz, J. L. and Abrams, D. and Masser, B. and Adetoun, B. and Osagie, J. E. and Akande, A. and Alao, A. A. and Brunner, A. and Willemsen, T. M. and Chipeta, K. and Dardenne, B. and Dijksterhuis, A. and Wigboldus, D. and Eckes, T. and Six-Materna, I. and Exposito, F. and Moya, M. and Foddy, M. and Kim, H-J. and Lameiras, M. and Sotelo, M. J. and Mucchi-Faina, A. and Romani, M. and Sakalli, N. and Udegbe, B. and Yamamoto, M. and Ui, M. and Ferreira, M. C. and Lopez, W. L. (2000) Beyond Prejudice as Simple Antipathy: Hostile and Benevolent Sexism Across Cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79 (5). pp. 763-775.

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Abstract

The authors argue that complementary hostile and benevolent componen:s of sexism exist ac ro.ss cultures. Male dominance creates hostile sexism (HS). but men's dependence on women fosters benevolent sexism (BS)-subjectively positive attitudes that put women on a pedestal but reinforce their subordination. Research with 15,000 men and women in 19 nations showed that (a) HS and BS are coherenl constructs th at correlate positively across nations, but (b) HS predicts the ascription of negative and BS the ascription of positive traits to women, (c) relative to men, women are more likely to reject HS than BS. especially when overall levels of sexism in a culture are high, and (d) national averages on BS and HS predict gender inequal ity across nations. These results challenge prevailing notions of prejudice as an antipathy in that BS (an affectionate, patronizing ideology) reflects inequality and is a cross-culturally pervasive complement to HS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Mr Adewole Adewumi
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2012 23:28
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2012 23:28
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/979

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