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ASSESSMENT OF DOSE INTAKE OF TOXIC ELEMENTS IN GROUNDWATER SAMPLES FROM ABUJA, NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA

Omeje, Maxwell and Joel, E. S. and Adewoyin, O.O and Akinwumi, S. A. and Emenike, PraiseGod C and Tenebe, I.T. and Ofuyatan, Olatokunbo M. and Okolie, T. A. Sociis and Husin, Wagiran and Hassina, Mouri (2017) ASSESSMENT OF DOSE INTAKE OF TOXIC ELEMENTS IN GROUNDWATER SAMPLES FROM ABUJA, NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 216. p. 267. ISSN 1743-3541, 1746-448X (on-line)

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Abstract

This study measured the concentrations of toxic carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic elements present in groundwater using Inductively Coupled-Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The concentration values obtained were used to calculate the life average daily dose (LADD) exposure of the people whom rely on groundwater for consumption in Abuja, Nigeria. The highest LADD for the carcinogenic toxic element chromium (Cr) was 2.7 x 10-5 μg kg‒1 day‒1, whereas it was 3.3 x 10-4 μg kg‒1 day‒1 for the non-carcinogenic toxic element lead (Pb), identified in water samples collected by the Water Board. These LADD magnitudes of 10-5 and 10-4 for both carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic toxic elements in groundwater are far below the International Reference Dose according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) in 2008, which has a value of 10-1. The low magnitudes found in water samples may not pose significant health risks to the local population. The relevant authorities should, therefore, continue to monitor the impact of human activities on metal pollution in this area and take effective measures to control contamination of the public water supply

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Africa, chromium, contamination, dose intake, groundwater, lead, Nigeria, radionuclides, toxicity risk.
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QE Geology
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2017 09:45
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2017 09:45
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/9848

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