University Links: Home Page | Site Map
Covenant University Repository

Interaction assessment and optimal design of composite action of plastered typha strawbale

Ofuyatan, Olatokunbo M. and Adedeji, Adeola A. and Omeje, Maxwell and Olawale, Simon (2017) Interaction assessment and optimal design of composite action of plastered typha strawbale. Advances in Materials Research, 6 (2). pp. 221-231.

[img] PDF
Download (1079Kb)

Abstract

The concept design of the typha strawbale masonry came up as a result of the urgent demand for a means of constructing sustainable buildings, both in rural and urban settlement, not only suitable for dwellers but for keeping farm products by structures that will respond to the environmental eco-system, coupled with the fact that such structures are also affordable, durable and easy to maintain during their service period. The effects of contact between plaster and the stacked strawbale of a masonry needs to be established and design optimization for durability and stability of the masonry be obtained. The assessment will involve the application of plaster materials (cement and natural earth) to the wall specimen panels. Past works have shown that plastered strawbale walls have adequate resistance against the appropriate vertical loads, and further showed that the earth plaster can bear higher stress than the cement plastered straw bale. There is the implication that the collapse or response of the earth-strawbale wall is significantly higher compared to that of cement-strawbale from other straw-based masonries. Therefore the allowable stresses of plastered typha strawbale shall be predicted for their optimum values using SAP2000. The stress stability of each masonry is obtained by analytical model using the best fit variables for the wall height and thickness.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: typha strawbale; finite element; degradation; wood; plaster; optimal design
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Civil Engineering and the Environment
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2018 13:25
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2018 13:25
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/10674

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item