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Production of Biodiesel From Palm Olein With The Aid Of Methanol And Potassium Hydroxide Catalyst

Ishola, Felix A. and Mamudu, Angela and Adelekan, Damola and Elehinafe, Francis and Iyala, Felix and Enesi, Salawu (2020) Production of Biodiesel From Palm Olein With The Aid Of Methanol And Potassium Hydroxide Catalyst. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29 (5). pp. 1076-1084. ISSN 2005-4238

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Abstract

The rapid growth of industrialisation has resulted in an ever-increasing demand for energy, with fossil fuels being an essential source of fuel for vehicles in the transport sector of countries. The world fossil fuel reserve is fast depleting, and also, it dissipates unhealthy emissions, this, has led to researches to seek sustainable alternatives in biofuels production. The authors experimented with the production of biodiesel from refined, bleached and deodorized palm olein (RBD) extracted from unrefined palm oil (UPO). Despite being considered as a feasible biodiesel feedstock, scanty reports had been found on the processing of biodiesel from palm olein compared to other oils from the palm tree. The transesterification of RBD palm olein with methanol and potassium hydroxide (KOH) as catalyst yielded biodiesel with an average yield greater than 50% in this experimental work. The derived biodiesel has a density of 0.884 g/ml and a flashpoint of 208°C, which is equivalent to ASTM D975 for biodiesel fuels. This result has proven this technique viable and will serve as a reference for continuous research on the biofuel production process.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Palm Olein, Biodiesel, Cleaner energy and Transesterification
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Patricia Nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2020 14:12
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2020 14:12
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/13380

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