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Effects of the novel catalyst Ni–S2O82−–K2O/TiO2 on efficient lignin depolymerization

Wang, Jindong and Li, Wenzhi and Wang, Huizhen and Ogunbiyi, Ajibola T and Dou, Xiaomeng and Ma, Qiaozhi (2020) Effects of the novel catalyst Ni–S2O82−–K2O/TiO2 on efficient lignin depolymerization. The Royal Society of Chemistry, 10 (14). pp. 8558-8567.

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To improve the utilization of lignin, much effort has been devoted to lignin depolymerization with the aim to decrease waste and enhance profitability. Here, a dual property (acid and base) catalyst, namely S2O8 2−–K2O/TiO2, was carefully researched. Upon loading S2O8 2− and K2O onto TiO2, acid and base sites emerged, and S2O8 2− and K2O mutually enhanced the acid and base strengths of the catalyst enormously; this indeed facilitated lignin depolymerization. Under appropriate conditions, the yields of liquid product, petroleum ether soluble (PEsoluble) product and total monomer products were 83.76%, 50.4% and 28.96%, respectively. The constituents of the PE-soluble fraction, which are mainly monomers and dimers, can be used as liquid fuels or additives. In addition, after the catalyst was modified by Ni, better results were obtained. Surprisingly, it was found that the Ni enhanced not only the hydrogenation capacity but also the acidity. The highest high heating value (HHV) of the liquid product (33.6 MJ kg−1) was obtained, and the yield of PE-soluble product increased from 50.4 to 56.4%. The product can be utilized as a fuel additive or be converted to bio-fuel. This catalysis system has significant potential in the conversion of lignin to bio-fuel.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2023 13:49
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2023 13:49

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