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Investigation of air emissions from artisanal petroleum refineries in the Niger-Delta Nigeria

Onakpohor, Anthony and Fakinle, B. S. and Sonibare, Jacob and Oke, M. A. and Akeredolu, F. A. (2020) Investigation of air emissions from artisanal petroleum refineries in the Niger-Delta Nigeria. Heliyon.

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The increase in price of the available refined petroleum products for local consumption in Nigeria had led to the emergence of indigenous technology for petroleum refining in some parts of the Niger Delta region. This study, therefore characterized and quantified artisanal refineries’ gaseous emissions for possible air pollutants based on various unit operations involved and evaluated their impacts. It measured the emissions directly from source using E8500 Portable Combustion Analyzer. It also categorized oven sizes/processing capacity of the refineries into various ranges in order to estimate emissions according to processing capacity. The result revealed that; pollutants emission varied significantly between the unit operations and increased with increase in processing capacity. When the emissions were compared with daily limits set by the Environmental Guidelines and Standard for Petroleum Industry in Nigeria (EGASPIN) 2002, the emissions (CO, NOx, and SO2) breached the available set limits. While with the Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA), 1991 set limits for emissions from stationary source; HC and CO breached their limits. SO2 and H2S breached their lower limits but were below the upper limit, while NOx emissions were found within its set limit. The study concluded that, Nigeria Artisanal Petroleum Refineries are sources of air pollution, as they impact the host environment.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental science Chemical engineering Environmental chemical engineering Atmosphere modelling Air quality Environmental chemistry Environmental hazard Environmental pollution Artisanal refineries Characterisation Air pollutants Crude oil Niger-Delta
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Engineering Sciences
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2023 15:08
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2023 15:08

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