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Hybrid Neural Network Prediction for Time Series Analysis of COVID-19 Cases in Nigeria

Adedotun, Adedayo F. (2022) Hybrid Neural Network Prediction for Time Series Analysis of COVID-19 Cases in Nigeria. Journal of Intelligent Management Decision, 1 (1). pp. 46-55.

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The lethal coronavirus illness (COVID-19) has evoked worldwide discussion. This contagious, sometimes fatal illness, is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. So far, COVID-19 has quickly spread to other countries, sickening millions across the globe. To predict the future occurrences of the disease, it is important to develop mathematical models with the fewest errors. In this study, classification and regression tree (CART) models and autoregressive integrated moving averages (ARIMAs) are employed to model and forecast the one-month confirmed COVID-19 cases in Nigeria, using the data on daily confirmed cases. To validate the predictions, these models were compared through data tests. The test results show that the CART regression model outperformed the ARIMA model in terms of accuracy, leading to a fast growth in the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases. The research findings help governments to make proper decisions on how the prepare for the outbreak. Besides, our analysis reveals the lack of quarantine wards in Nigeria, in addition to the insufficiency of medications, medical staff, lockdown decisions, volunteer training, and economic preparation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autoregressive integrated moving averages (ARIMAs); Classification and regression tree (CART); COVID-19; Prediction
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Mathematics
Depositing User: nwokealisi
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2023 11:43
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2023 11:43

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