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Production of Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Sing Agar, chemical composition and microflora associated with sclerotium

Oranusi, S. U. and Ndukwe, C.U and Braide, W. (2014) Production of Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Sing Agar, chemical composition and microflora associated with sclerotium. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 3 (8). pp. 115-126. ISSN 2319-7706

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Abstract

Pleurotus tuber-regium is a tropical mushroom whose sclerotium is consumed like many other edible mushrooms for their nutritional value, medicinal properties and for their taste and aroma. Assessment of its chemical composition shows mean carbohydrate (63.8%), protein (12.36%), moisture (19.88%), fat (3.23%) and fiber (0.25%). Potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium and phosphorous were present in amounts ranging from 0.028 to 0.223 %, while oxalate, tannin, flavonoid, alkaloid and hydrogen cyanide were confirmed to be present. Pleurotus tuberregium sclerotium agar (PTRSA) was evaluated as a complex medium compared with Nutrient agar (NA) and Plate count agar (PCA) for the growth of heterotrophic organisms. Five bacteria and a fungal species (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus and Candida albican were accessed. There was no statistical significant difference (P< 0.05) in the colony forming unit per ml (cfu/ml) recovery of these heterotrophic organisms diluted 1.8x108 by McFarland standard. The PTRSA function compares favorably with those of NA and PCA and can be standardized for use as a cheap medium for the cultivation of heterotrophic organisms. Evaluation of bacterial and fungal flora associated with the sclerotia shows the presence of species of Aspergillus, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, and Staphylococci. Pleurotus tuber-regium is an underutilized fungus whose potentials can be further harnessed for the benefit of man.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mushroom, Sclerotium, Chemical Composition medium, Pleurotus tuber-regium sclerotium agar
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2015 09:09
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2015 09:09
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/4062

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