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Dynamics of a Small Hydro-Power Station (SHS) Turbine for Slow Moving Water Body

Ajayi, Arinola B. and Okafor, Frank N. (2015) Dynamics of a Small Hydro-Power Station (SHS) Turbine for Slow Moving Water Body. In: International Conference on African Development Issues (CU-ICADI) 2015: Renewable Energy Track, African Leadership Development Centre, Covenant University Canaanland, Ota Ogun State, Nigeria.

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Abstract

Climate change due to carbon oxides emissions from fossil fuel is a major environmental concern for the world today. The world is now moving towards "clean energy sources" such as solar, wind, hydro-power stations to mention but a few for electricity generation. The process (dynamics) of converting the energy of flowing water bodies to electricity and the quantum of the derivable power depends largely on the head, the speed and the impact angle of the incident force of the water body on the turbine blades. It therefore follows that the determination of the optimal impact angle of the incident force of the water body on the turbine blades for small hydro-power stations (SHS) is of major engineering interest in slow moving water bodies where the head and the speed are relatively 'low'. This article presents analytical technique for theoretical determination of the optimal impact angle of the incident force of the slow moving water bodies on the turbine blade of a small hydro-power station to yield maximum electric power to ensure optimal turbine blade designs for impact angle enhanced efficiency. It also investigates the variation of impact angle with the power output so as to determine the optimal impact angle for maximum power output. This SHS can easily be deployed by small and cottage firms in slow moving waters without elaborate cost and technology, and the electricity generated can be sold to the neighboring consumers thereby reducing their dependency on fossil fuel generators and national grid for electricity thus reducing the carbon foot print of such benefiting communities

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate Change; Electricity Generation; Optimal Impact Angle; Small Hydro-power Stations.
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2015 23:32
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2015 23:32
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/5298

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