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Improving postnatal checkups for mothers in West Africa: A multilevel analysis

Solanke, Bola Lukman and Amoo, Emmanuel O. and Idowu, Adenike E. (2017) Improving postnatal checkups for mothers in West Africa: A multilevel analysis. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1-25.

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Abstract

This study examined multilevel factors related to postnatal checkups for mothers in selected West African countries. The study analyzed data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) for five West African countries: Sierra Leone (2013), Cote d’Ivoire (2012), Guinea (2012), Niger (2012), and Liberia (2013). The weighted sample sizes were 2125 (Cote d’Ivoire), 2908 (Guinea), 1905 (Liberia), 5660 (Niger), and 3754 (Sierra Leone). The outcome variable was maternal postnatal checkups. The explanatory variables were community and individual/household characteristics. With the use of Stata 12, the chi-square statistic and multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression were applied. More than two-thirds of respondents in Guinea and Niger did not receive a postnatal checkup after their last birth, while in Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, more than half of respondents received a postnatal checkup after their last childbirth. Community characteristics accounted for the following variations in postnatal checkups: 33.9% (Cote d’Ivoire), 37.2% (Guinea), 27.0% (Liberia), 33.5% (Niger), and 37.2% (Sierra Leone). Community factors thus had important relations to use of postnatal care in West Africa. Interventions targeting more community variables, particularly community education and poverty, may further improve postnatal care in West Africa.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Checkup; childbirth maternal health; multilevel; postnatal; West Africa
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
Divisions: Faculty of Law, Arts and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences
Depositing User: Mrs Hannah Akinwumi
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2017 13:14
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 13:14
URI: http://eprints.covenantuniversity.edu.ng/id/eprint/9559

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